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Manpower available in Bangladesh

Unemployed labour force of Bangladesh is estimated to be about 15 million. Besides a huge number of un­skilled labour force, skilled, semiskilled and professional manpower is also available for foreign employment. Some relevant data in this regard are given below:

(a) Technical Manpower:
Skilled workers and technicians play a key role in all sectors of the economy. To produce skilled technicians there are mid-level technical and vocational training systems in the country. Midlevel technical education is provided after tenth year of schooling. Polytechnic sub-system offers well organised 4 year's diploma courses in engineering and technology. There are 77 Polytechnic Institutes in the country with annual intake capacity of 9062 students. Besides Polytechnics, there are a number of agricultural and allied industrial, textile and leather technology institutes and commercial institutes and other specialised monotechnic institutes offering diploma level courses in their respective fields.
There is an Islamic University of Technology IUT (formerly Islamic Centre for Technical & Vocational Training & Research, ICTVTR), a subsidiary organ of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference(OIC). The Centre has been mandated to help develop the vast human resources of the member states and provide technical training of international standard needed for the industrial, economic and social development of Muslim Ummah through offering of long regular courses in engineering and technologies and trades and organising short and special knowledge and skill updating. courses alongwith technological and industrial research and research in the field of human resources development with particular emphasis on technical and vocational education.
In IIT a great variety of academic and training programmes are offered starting from the lowest trade level to the highest Post Graduate Diploma and Master's Degree in Technical Education encompassing Certificate and Diploma in Vocational Education, Diploma and B.Sc in Technical Education, Higher Diploma and B.Sc Engineering Degree in Electrical & Electronic and Mechanical Engineering with various specialisations in different rare technologies, such as Computer Science and Technology, Power Systems, CAD/CAM, Energy, Production and Instrumentation Engineering, There are 64 Vocational Training Institutes (VTI's) and 13 Technical Training Centres (TTC's) and 1 Bangladesh Institute of Marine Technology (BIMT) which cater to the training needs for craftsmen in the basic trades. Diploma in Marine Technology is also offered from BIMT.

The Marine Academy at Juldia, Chittagong turn out certificated officers for merchant navy. 13 TTC's and 1 BIMT produce annually about 17980 highly skilled technicians on different trades, suitable for overseas employment. Telecommunication engineers & technicians, tradesmen skilled in basic engineering and building trades like electricians, petrol/diesel mechanics, airconditioning mechanics, radio/tv mechanics fabricators, marine mechanics and operators, welders of all categories, fitters, machinists,moulders, turners, platters, plumbers, pipe fitters, painters, steel fixtures, carpenters, masons, garments workers, draftsmen, etc. are available for employment.Testing facilities on different occupations are available in the modern Technical Training Centres.

(b) Medical Manpower:
Bangladesh has facilities for imparting graduate and post-graduate medical education and training in the
country Facilities exist in the country for turning out 1743 medical graduates and 150 dental surgeons every year. More than 5000 General Physicians (graduates) are now available for employment abroad. A good number of specialised consultants/physicians are also available for overseas employment. Facilities to train Blood Bank Technicians, Radio Therapists, X-Ray Technicians, Radiographers, Compounders, Dressers, Dental Technicians, Health Assistants, Sanitary Inspectors, etc, also exist in the country. Bangladesh has about 5.822 paramedics and medical personnel available for employment at home and abroad. There are also 44 Nursing Training Institutes which offer 4 years' Diploma course (including one year Midwifery)  in nursing. Bangladeshi nurses are working in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Oman, Malaysia and other countries with excellent professional reputation. At present 5,500 Diploma and 1500 Graduate nurses are available for foreign employment.

(c) Engineering Manpower:
Engineering Institutes (5 University of Engineering &   Technology, 1 Engineering College, and 1 Marine Academy) produce about 5,494Graduate Engineers annually. In addition 77 Polytechnic Institutes in the country   produce   about   9,062    Diploma   level engineers annually.
At present about 15,000 Engineers and 30,000
Technicians are available for employment at home and abroad.

(d)  Industrial Manpower:
The country's industries employ about 1.5 million workers of different categories. Professional, managerial, administrative, technical, skilled, semi­skilled and unskilled workers including experienced garments workers, both male and female, with several years of experience in different industrial fields are available for employment abroad.

(e) IT & Computer Personnel:
Bangladesh has now a large number of Computer Operators. Computer Engineers and Programmers available for overseas employment.

(f) Power Station, Petroleum and Fertilizer Manpower:
Bangladesh has a vast reservoir of professional, highly skilled and skilled manpower in electricity/power, petroleum and fertilizer sectors.

(g) Road & Transport Workers:
Professional, technical and skilled personnel experienced in operation, repair and maintenance of all categories of vehicles including trucks and heavy vehicle equipments are available for employment:

(h) Manpower for financial Institutions, Insurance, Audit and Accounts :
Bangladesh has a network of commercial Bank and Financial Institutions covering even the remotest areas of the country, Persons experienced in central banking operations are also available in Bangladesh. Normally university graduates are recruited for supervisory and managerial positions in the banking institutions and they are trained through a scheme for training of bankers. In addition, the Bangladesh Institute of Bank Management provides higher training of international standard to in-service banking personnel. Similarly, chartered accountants, cost accountants, management accountants. actuaries, and persons with long experience in insurance business, government and commercial audit and accounting are available in the country, and they can be spared for service abroad.

i) Port and Water Transport Workers :
Persons of all categories needed for administration and operation of port facilities are available. These include inland Masters Engine Drivers, Oil-men, Pre-sea Trained Nautical Cadets. Stevedores, Tally Clerks, Crane Operators, Fork-lift Operators Riggers, Security Personnel, Management Personnel and other categories of Personnel. They have international level of efficiency to their credit.

(j) Agricultural, animal husbandry, fisheries, livestock, horticulture experts, technicians and farmers:
There are four Agricultural Universities and 37 Agricultural Colleges and several training institutes in the country offering degrees, diplomas and certificates of education and training in agriculture, animal husbandry, forestry, fisheries, livestock, horticulture and related fields. Experts with Bachelor's Master's and Ph.D. degrees and technicians with several years' experience in agricultural development, livestock, fisheries, forestry and horticulture development and research activities are available in the country. In addition skilled, semi skilled and unskilled shephards with sufficient experience are also available for foreign employment.

(k) University/College/School Teachers:
A large number of persons with university degrees in engineering, science, humanities, fine arts and social sciences with experience of teaching in Schools, Colleges and Universities are available in the country for foreign employment.

(l) Aministrative and Defence Personnel:
To man public administration Bangladeshis with Bachelor's Master's and Ph. D. degrees and specialised training and long experience in public administration are available for employment. Besides, persons educated and experienced in economic planning and research are also available for overseas employment. Retired army, navy and air force personnel with adequate experience can also be deployed abroad for manning defence and security services.

(m) Marine Crew:
Bangladesh has a large number of qualified and experienced Merchant Ship/Cargo/Vessel Crew possessing STC and Continuous Discharge Certificate (C. D. C), Crew can be provided from Bangladesh at short notice. Certificated merchant navy officers are also available for overseas employment.

(n) Hotel Management, Tourism and Catering Service:
A large number of Bangladeshi hotel personnel are working in various reputed hotels abroad, mainly in the Middle Eastern countries. The Hotel Management Training Institute run by Bangladesh Tourism Corporation turns out a good number of trained hotel personnel every year. All categories of trained hotel staff with experience of working in five star hotels can be provided for the departments of food and beverage,house keeping,front office,accounts and engineering.

(o) Miscellaneous ManPower:
Qualified photographers, printers, printing technicians, journalists, translators, musical entertainers, operators, tailors, sewing men, barbers, shoe-makers, domestic servants, house keepers, cleaners and all types of semi-skilled and un-skilled workers are available for employment abroad. Besides, Bangladesh has a huge number of manual workers to do heavy and difficult jobs like agricultural work, plantation, timber extraction, pottering and excavation work, etc.

Qualities of Workers:
Bangladeshi workers are loyal, disciplined, hardworking and have the rare quality of adaptability to new situation.

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